Almost everyone has once eaten a pizza, and if you are lucky, this has been a delicious pizza from Pizza Bingo.
But where does the pizza come from and how did it became one of the world’s most famous dishes?
The origin of the pizza lies in the Mediterranean. In many countries around the Mediterranean round loves are served as plates for thousands of years. According to tradition, the Trojan hero Aeneas founded a city (Nefer) right on the spot when he eat food plates from hunger.
Round Turkish breads today used as makeshift pizza crusts. Also the shape of the Jewish matses is round or oval.
Archaeological findings show that the Vikings in the ninth century AD already ate flat, round pastry based loafs showing all kind of ingredients, which were baked in ovens that look like something like modern pizza ovens. This was about eight hundred years before the first mention of pizza in Italy.
Just in the 17th century, there were reports of pizzas in Naples, where one to the poorer parts of the city went to eat the peasant dish. The people who made them were called pizzaioli.
In 1889 Raffaele Esposito, the most famous pizzaiolo (pizza maker =) of Naples, was invited by the then King of Italy Umberto I and his wife Margaret to prepare his specialties at the palace. For this occasion he invented a pizza with tomato sauce, mozzarella and basil: the colors that correspond to the flag of the Kingdom of Italy, founded in 1861. This pizza was loved by the queen, and he baptised the pizza “Margherita”. This pizza sets the standard for all pizzas.
After the emigration of Italians to the United States during the second half of the nineteenth century, a unique form of pizza develop, characterized mainly by the much thicker soil and exuberant use of multiple ingredients. The pizza was more exuberant.
In the 60s of the twentieth century, the pizza in Italy was often just a large rectangular piece of dough usually only some tomato sauce and sometimes leftover cheese or anchovies note that was sold to passengers on street corners. They were fresh baked on large plates of which rectangular pieces were cut off.
Nowadays in many restaurants, parts of the pizza, called pizza slices are sold at the counter. A pizza slice is a quarter or an eighth of a (circular) pizza.